The moment you mention Assam, a series of vivid images floods the mind – a vast green expanse of closely cropped tea bushes, the almost limitless stretch of the all-sustaining Brahmaputra, the formidable Indian one-horned Rhino grazing by a beel (wetland with static water) in Kaziranga and groups of splendidly dressed people dancing sinuously to the rhythms of the Bihu drum. Assam is all this, and much more.
This diverse and beautiful north-eastern state of India comprises three main geographical areas: The Brahmaputra Valley, which covers most of the state; the Barak Valley bound by Bangladesh on its west, the hills of Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Tripura to its east and south; and the ever-mysterious Barail mountains to its north.
Assam, also known as the land of Blue Hill and Red River, is synonymous with unspoiled natural beauty, teeming wildlife, immaculate tea gardens and warm, beautiful people. Its strategic location in the northeast of India and its accessibility from the rest of the country make it the gateway to the North-eastern states. It is spread over a geographical area of 78,438 km2 and shares borders with Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and West Bengal; and has national highways leading to their capital cities. It also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh.
Occupying 2.39% of India’s landmass, Assam is the most vibrant of eight states comprising the Northeast. Bounded by these states, West Bengal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, its topographical asymmetry is underscored by the Barail mountain range sandwiched between two valleys – Brahmaputra and Barak – named after the dominant rivers.
As per the 2011 census, Assam’s total population is 31,169,272 with a population density of 396.8/km2. The state is divided into 33 districts with Guwahati, Silchar, Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Nagaon as some of the major cities while Dispur as its capital. When it comes to literacy, Assam fares reasonably well than most other Indian states with 73.18% literate people.
Assam is a state that’s been tailor-made by nature for tourism-related activities. Every inch of space here embraces the wonders of nature in its entire splendor. Divided into eight important categories- Wildlife, Religion & Spiritual, Tea & Golf, River & Adventure, Monsoon & Leisure, Nature & Eco, Heritage & History and Culture & Cuisine- Assam is more of everything that one can think of.
This beautiful state falls in the Agro-climatic Zone II with climatic variation that can be seen regionally. While the plains of Assam have a tropical climate with high humidity, the hills have a sub-alpine type of climate with heavy rainfall. The people of Assam or anyone coming to the state enjoy a moderate climate all throughout the year including warm summers and mild winters.